Who won the Greek war?

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Who won the Greek war?

The Athenians were commanded by 10 generals, the most daring of whom was Miltiades. While the Persian cavalry was away, he seized the opportunity to attack. The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians‘ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus).

Q. Did Athens and Sparta fight?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.).

Q. Why did Greece go to war?

The Greek cities were expressing their dissatisfaction towards their leaders who were appointed to the positions by Persia. … The First Persian Invasion of Greece occurred in 490 BC. The invasion was carried out to punish the cities (Athens and Eretria) that supported the Ionian Revolt.

Q. Is the 300 Spartans a true story?

It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the Battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.

Q. Why was Sparta better than Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

Q. What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian War?

What contributed to Athens losing the Peloponnesian War? – Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. – The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly. – The Spartans successfully broke through the walls around Athens.

Q. Why did Pericles rebuild Athens?

Pericles is perhaps most famous for his great building projects. He wanted to establish Athens as the leader of the Greek world and wanted to build an acropolis that represented the city’s glory. He rebuilt many temples on the acropolis that were destroyed by the Persians.

Q. Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts?

Athens can be called a city of contrasts because, people lived in small uncomfortable houses, but the city’s public buildings were large and spacious.

Q. How did Pericles rise to power?

He increased Athens’ power through his use of the Delian League to form the Athenian empire and led his city through the First Peloponnesian War (460-446 BCE) and the first two years of the Second Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). He was still actively engaged in political life when he died of the plague in 429 BCE.

Q. What did Pericles say about Athens?

In the climax of his praise of Athens, Pericles declares: “In short, I say that as a city we are the school of Hellas; while I doubt if the world can produce a man, who, where he has only himself to depend upon, is equal to so many emergencies, and graced by so happy a versatility as the Athenian.” Finally, Pericles …

Q. How did Pericles strengthen democracy?

Pericles strengthened democracy by creating a direct democracy that had not existed before and by hiring more paid public officials. His policies were intended to make it possible for any person regardless of socioeconomic status to serve in the government.

Q. What did Pericles do to increase democracy in Athens?

Pericles set about toppling the Areopagus (ar-ee-OP-uh-guhs), or the noble council of Athens, in favor of a more democratic system that represented the interests of the people. He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to leave work and participate in the justice system.

Q. What themes were common in Greek tragedy?

Tragedy: Tragedy dealt with the big themes of love, loss, pride, the abuse of power and the fraught relationships between men and gods. Typically the main protagonist of a tragedy commits some terrible crime without realizing how foolish and arrogant he has been.

Q. How did Pericles change democracy in Athens?

He started an ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acropolis, including the Parthenon. This project beautified and protected the city, exhibited its glory and gave work to its people. Pericles also fostered Athenian democracy to such an extent that critics call him a populist.

Q. How did Pericles beautify Athens?

ESSENTIAL QUESTION How did Pericles beautify Athens? Pericles strengthened democracy in Athens by paying public officials. Pericles expanded the empire by building a strong naval fleet. Pericles rebuilt and beautified Athens.

Q. How did Pericles help Athens Grow choose four correct answers?

Pericles made Athens a more democratic city-state, he made Athens a center of learning and the arts, he rebuilt Athens and erected new monuments, temples, and statues, and he supported writers, artists, teachers, sculptors, and architects.

Q. What is Athens known for?

Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization.

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