Who came up with dualism?

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Who came up with dualism?

The Gnostics, in their reading of Scripture, acknowledged no such debt; for they believed that the Hebrew Bible was the written revelation of an inferior creator god (dêmiourgos), filled with lies intended to cloud the minds and judgment of the spiritual human beings (pneumatikoi) whom this Demiurge was intent on …

Substance dualists say that minds are a separate, nonphysical substance that cannot be reduced to or explained in terms of physical stuff, like brains. … What’s more, these two substances appear to interact with each other inside of us.

Q. Who Solved the mind body dichotomy?

The problem was addressed by René Descartes in the 17th century, resulting in Cartesian dualism, and by pre-Aristotelian philosophers, in Avicennian philosophy, and in earlier Asian traditions.

Q. What is the school of thought which deals with the problem of causation?

Metaphysics. The nature of cause and effect is a concern of the subject known as metaphysics. Kant thought that time and space were notions prior to human understanding of the progress or evolution of the world, and he also recognized the priority of causality.

Q. What did the Gnostics believe?

Rene Descartes

Q. Which philosopher was a dualist?

René Descartes

Q. What was Descartes theory?

Descartes argued the theory of innate knowledge and that all humans were born with knowledge through the higher power of God. It was this theory of innate knowledge that later led philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) to combat the theory of empiricism, which held that all knowledge is acquired through experience.

Q. Do animals have a conscience?

In 2012, the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness crystallised a scientific consensus that humans are not the only conscious beings and that ‘non-human animals, including all mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including octopuses’ possess neurological substrates complex enough to support conscious

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