How is the social order being maintained according to Karl Marx?

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How is the social order being maintained according to Karl Marx?

Marx sees individual consciousness being shaped by social strata to which an individual is belonging but Durkheim finds social stratification as the pathological character of society in a phase of transition to modernity which he calls ‘anomie’.

Marxist believe that the Capitalist society exploits the people who are not in full-time, paid work (reserve army of labor) of both young and old. … McKingsley (2001) argues that Old age and retirement can be constructed as triggers for a loss of status.

Q. What did the proletariat do?

In the theory of Karl Marx, the term proletariat designated the class of wage workers who were engaged in industrial production and whose chief source of income was derived from the sale of their labour power.

Q. What did Marx and Durkheim agree on?

Two of sociology’s greatest thinkers, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim, both viewed religion to be a vital aspect of society. They both believed it to be socially constructed; man created religion, religion did not create man. Society created religion to meet certain needs of its members.

Q. What is the difference between Marx and Durkheim?

This perspective is derived from the works of Karl Marx, who saw society as fragmented into groups that compete for social and economic resources. Social order is maintained by domination, with power in the hands of those with the greatest political, economic, and social resources…./span>

Q. What did Durkheim believe?

Durkheim believed that society exerted a powerful force on individuals. People’s norms, beliefs, and values make up a collective consciousness, or a shared way of understanding and behaving in the world. The collective consciousness binds individuals together and creates social integration./span>

Q. How does Durkheim view society?

As a functionalist, Émile Durkheim’s (1858–1917) perspective on society stressed the necessary interconnectivity of all of its elements. To Durkheim, society was greater than the sum of its parts. … Durkheim called the communal beliefs, morals, and attitudes of a society the collective conscience.

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